Essential Medication Alternatives For Sclerosis Patients
There are close to 2.3 million multiple sclerosis patients across the globe. Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease that affects the brain, the spine, and the eyes. With multiple sclerosis, the immune system of a patient attacks their myelin or the protective coating around the nerves. This results in nerve damage, inflammation and scar tissue. Its symptoms include trouble walking, difficulties in controlling the bladder or bowels, depression, muscle spasms, sight issues, pain and cognition problems. The main cause of multiple sclerosis remains unknown, but it has been attributed to infections, lifestyle choices like smoking, and genetics. There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis just like its cause. Scientists have yet come up with various multiple sclerosis medications that can help with the symptoms as well as stop the progress of the disease. You can read more on this website to find out the medications that multiple sclerosis patients rely on.
The interferon beta drugs are part of a larger class of medicines that replicate the naturally occurring proteins in human bodies tasked with fighting against infections. These drugs are easily found on the market and come under different brand names. They have been used to treat multiple sclerosis for quite a long time and are still commonly prescribed presently. The main reason why they are used remains unknown though it is believed that they trigger the body to reduce the immune responses that lead to the attack on the patient’s myelin. They are self-injected, and the particular drug you are using determines how many injections you get.
Glatiramer acetate which is an immunomodulator medication interacts directly with the immune cells known as T-cells which are responsible for the attack on myelin. By this interaction, glatiramer acetate can protect your myelin from damage actively. Like the interferon beta drugs, glatiramer acetate is injected into the system either daily or two to three times a week depending on the drug and dosage. Patients that use this drug are advised to take extra precautions during the flu season and keep high standards of cleanliness since it interferes with their immunity system leaving them prone to infections.
Corticosteroids are different from the other medicines mainly because it does not compare to them in terms of functionality. These drugs mainly work to reduce the symptoms and manage the problems that may come up as a result of the diseased. By causing swellings, multiple sclerosis results in pain and relapses among others. These drugs are provided on a shorter time basis and are used mainly to reduce inflammations and symptoms during multiple sclerosis relapses.